Avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) is a personality disorder. Those affected display a pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and inferiority, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation, and avoidance of social interaction despite a strong desire to be close to others. Individuals with the disorder tend to describe themselves as uneasy, anxious, lonely, unwanted and isolated from others. Not only they withdraw themselves from other people, they mostly are a sensitive people.1
Those with this disorder may often choose jobs of isolation so that they do not have to interact with the public regularly, due to their anxiety and fear of embarrassing themselves in front of others. Some with this disorder may fantasize about idealized, accepting, and affectionate relationships, due to their desire to belong. They often feel themselves unworthy of the relationships they desire, so they shame themselves from ever attempting the relationship.
In addition, subjects with this disorder experience: Hypersensitivity to rejection and criticism, self-imposed social isolation, extreme shyness or anxiety in social situations, though the person feels a strong desire for close relationships, avoids physical contact because it has been associated with an unpleasant or painful stimulus, feelings of inadequacy, drastically-reduced or absent self-esteem, self-loathing, autophobia or self-harm, mistrust of others or oneself; exhibits heightened self-doubt, emotional distancing related to intimacy, highly self-conscious, self-critical about their problems relating to others, lonely self-perception, feeling inferior to others.2
Causes of avoidant personality disorder are not clearly defined and may be influenced by a combination of social, genetic, and psychological factors. The disorder may be related to temperamental factors that are inherited. Specifically, various anxiety disorders in childhood and adolescence have been associated with a temperament characterized by behavioral inhibition, including features of being shy, fearful, and withdrawn in new situations. These inherited characteristics may give an individual a genetic predisposition towards avoidant personality disorder. Childhood emotional neglect and peer group rejection, are both associated with an increased risk for the development of avoidant personality disorder.3
Related Acupuncture Points :
CV12 PC6 LR3 LR13 RD ST36 RF
Acupuncture treatment for Avoidant Personality Disorder
The Avoidant Personality Disorder acccording to chinese treatment is caused by imbalance of 5 elements that naturally influence of every people. Therefore, any acupuncture treatment for this disorder will aim to maintain or correcting the imbalance of these 5 elements. The treatment given will depend on the severity of this disorder. Acupuncture treatment given might be a traditional acupuncture, sham acupuncture or electrical acupuncture. Some therapies will also combine the acunpuncture treatment with a herbal treatment.
- Avoidant personality disorder – counselling-directory.org.uk – 2017, http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/avoidant.html
- Avoidant Personality Disorder – healthline.com – 2017, http://www.healthline.com/health/avoidant-personality-disorder
- Avoidant Personality Disorder – outofthefog.website – 2017, http://outofthefog.website/personality-disorders-1/2015/12/6/avoidant-personality-disorder-avpd